Industrial climbing - special technology perform work at height on construction projects in the support-free space.
Workplace industrial climber is equipped with a rope on which the climber provides climb and descent, mountaineering and other means of transport, attachment and protection against falls from height. rope access technology makes it possible to work in confined spaces without the use of scaffolding, cradles, scaffolding, lifting gear or other platform devices. It has an industrial climber resort where the device platform devices impractical for economic reasons, or is associated with technical difficulties.
Scope of the rope is very wide: the climbers used for construction, installation, servicing, repairs and other work related to the facades of buildings, equipment, internal and external structures of building constructions. The main activities of industrial alpinists: cleaning and washing windows and other elements of building facades; snow removal from roofs and removing icicles from the eaves; sealing of inter-panel joints (seams); installation, dismantling, painting, maintenance and repair of bearing and protecting structures, equipment, towers, masts, and so on.
Work climber carries a higher risk for health and life, and for this reason, is well paid. The main cause of injury and death industrial climbers is, as a rule, non-compliance with safety instructions prior to or during the implementation of the work of climbing. For example, in August 2009, as a result of the hurricane suddenly began during the execution of work at height on tall building "Esentai Towers" in Almaty, killing four industrial climbers. The cause of death was the negligence of management professionals, take care not to get an official time weather forecast and do not prohibit the manufacture of high-altitude work in bad weather.
You need to be specially trained for special industrial climber. Prepare industrial climbers in special educational institutions. The training program includes psychological and vocational training, safety studies and a workshop. To work is not allowed to persons who do not have a document confirming the receipt of the relevant specialist training, the endorsement of the medical board, and familiarization with the safety . In many countries there are professional organizations, industrial climbers (for example, Eng. Society of Professional Rope Access Technicians (SPRAT) in the United States and Canada, English. The Industrial Rope Trade Association (IRATA) in the UK it. Fach- und Interessenverband für Seilunterstutzte und Arbeitstechniken (FISAT) in Germany), the purpose of which is to ensure safety in the work of industrial climbers. The industry uses the international ISO 22846 standard,which establishes the basic requirements to technology implementation of aerial work in support-free space.